The Ponnivala story now begins to align itself with actual historical records from this area, the Tamil-speaking region known as Kongu nadu.
- In the 10th Century A.D. a line of powerful Chola kings were gradually expanding into the Kongu area. Their emissaries slowly moved up the Kaveri river, tracing key local trade routes as they sought increasing economic benefits.
- The Chola empire was also building temples and gradually expanding their influential name.
- These kings needed farmers who would be their allies. Loyal families could extend the Chola’s power. Wealthy local landlords were also expected to deliver periodic tribute payments. These payments were used to symbolize the giver’s willing submission to the Chola’s centralized monarchy.